About us

RestPoll is a highly transdisciplinary project aiming to provide society with tools to reverse wild pollinator declines and to position Europe as a global leader in pollinator restoration.

Who we are & what we do

RestPoll will, together with stakeholders ranging from individual land managers to governments, co-design, evaluate, and refine measures and cross-sectoral approaches to restore pollinators and their services.

The RestPoll consortium combines the expertise of natural and social scientists, NGOs, businesses, and ministries. Stakeholders along the food value chain will be engaged through newly developed participatory approaches at diverse social, ecological, and political scales.

Central to RestPoll is the establishment of a Europe-wide network of pollinator restoration case-study areas and Living Labs (LL), which are unique hubs for experimentation, demonstration, and mutual learning.

What is a Living Lab?

A living lab (LL) is a dynamic and collaborative research environment that differs from traditional laboratory settings. In a living lab, experiments, research, and innovation take place in real-life contexts, often involving end-users or stakeholders directly. This approach allows researchers, businesses, and institutions to study and develop solutions in a more authentic and user-centric manner. In the RestPoll project this approach facilitates co-production of knowledge through collaboration between farmers, scientist, land managers, policy makers, and businesses.



We have identified 18 case-study areas in 14 European countries with multiple restoration measures, consisting of existing agro-environmental schemes and novel, prospective schemes such as payments for pollination/ecosystem services, in agricultural landscapes to conserve biodiversity in general and wild pollinators in particular. Restoration activities in the case-study areas are partly already set up by stakeholders in cooperation with RestPoll researchers or vice versa. In a joint participatory approach, restored plots and control sites will be selected from the different areas and expanded or adapted, aiming for the most optimal design to achieve successful pollinator restoration outcomes across European agricultural landscapes and to test the value of co-designing restoration measures

Provide open access to knowledge of pollinator restoration

RestPoll will co-develop open access resources of already existing and newly generated data, traditional and expert knowledge and tools to enable researchers and stakeholders across relevant scales to compare the benefits of existing and forthcoming initiatives programmes and to prioritise restoration measures that promote pollinator diversity across Europe.

Demonstrate how to improve benefits and co-benefits of pollinator restoration for nature and people

By quantifying the links between pollinators, plants, and other elements of biodiversity to human well-being in agricultural case-study areas, RestPoll will quantify the direct and indirect co-benefits of pollinator and pollination restoration for provisioning ecosystem services such as crop production, human nutrition, health and cultural or aesthetic values such as the beauty of landscapes, and human well-being in general.

Support the development of pollinator-friendly policies and market conditions

RestPoll will provide conditions for implementing and adapting measures to restore pollinators and pollination services into European policies and beyond. This will include evaluations of policies including barriers and negative incentives, alternative uses of the land under restoration, as well as risks, costs and benefits of restoration options and alternative land uses.

Co-develop Living Labs in the restoration network to demonstrate best practice pollinator restoration measures across Europe

We will establish a European network of Living Labs for participatory demonstration and learning and for assessing both bottom-up (management driven) and top-down (policy driven) pollinator restoration measures to identify effective methods to facilitate engagement with public and private organisations along with civil society and to accelerate the transformation towards pollinator-friendly agricultural landscapes in line with societal needs in Europe.

Test co-designed transferable tools for adaptive pollinator restoration

By developing a Pollinator Restoration Toolbox, which will be available to users at local, national and European levels, the RestPoll consortium will reinforce the status of Europe as a global leader in adaptive management including rapid assessment evaluations for pollinator restoration, and develop transferable approaches for countries both within and beyond Europe.

Validate context-dependence and synergistic effects of multiple restoration measures

RestPoll will validate the effectiveness and synergistic effects of multiple restoration measures currently in place or recently established at field, farm, landscape, national and European scales for providing key complementary resources such as nesting habitats, forage resources across life-stages and seasons for pollinators and to sustainably increase pollinator populations and pollination services.

RestPoll Expected Impacts

Work packages

WP lead: Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet Freiburg

The overall objective of WP1 is to 1) establish, co-develop, and manage the case-study area network, 2) coordinate pollinator survey and monitoring as well as pollination experiments, 3) test the effectiveness of restoration measures and whether this is influenced by them being co-designed or not, and 4) co-develop and evaluate rapid assessment monitoring. WP1 is therefore commissioned largely with the integration of the whole RestPoll conceptual framework (Fig. 1). WP1 will also set-up protocols for pollinator surveys/monitoring and assessing the impact of restoration of pollination services to be delivered as variables for further analyses of WP2-7. The Living Labs are part of our restoration case-study area network and will be coordinated by WP4.


1.1 RestPoll case study network
1.2 RestPoll case study protocols
1.3 Restaurantion measures
1.4 Rapid assessment

WP lead: Lunds Universitet

The overall objective of WP2 is to evaluate the context dependency, scalability, synergies, and co-benefits of pollinator restoration measures. We specifically aim to 1) synthesise existing knowledge of pollinator restoration measure effects, 2) evaluate landscape context dependency and up-scaling potential of the restoration measures on pollinator populations, 3) assess spatio-temporal and synergistic effects among restoration measures for pollinators, and 4) identify potential for co-benefits on other ecosystem services from pollinator restoration measures.


2.1 Review/meta-analysis
2.2 Context-dependency and scalability
2.3 Improvements to current restoration measures
2.4 Restauration measure co-benefits

WP lead: Ecole Nationale Superieure de Formation de l’Enseignement Agricole

WP3 will create, study and analyse the feasibility of an innovative instrument: Payments for Restoration-mediated Pollination Services (PRPS). This PRPS will be based on the principle of the Payment for Ecosystem Services scheme as it is proposed in the Common Agricultural Policy. This economic tool will align with the Farm to Fork strategy that emphasizes a transition to result-based payments, but will include more specific actions for wild pollinator restoration. The feasibility of this instrument will also be critically evaluated. In the continuity of WP1 and 2, WP3 is situated at the farm and landscape scale in the different co-designed case-study areas of RestPoll. This WP will specifically 1) assess the perception of potential adopters of RestPoll measures, 2) develop a novel instrument, the PRPS, 3) estimate the feasibility and added value of this instruments, and 4) value the impact of wild pollinators and these instrument in the food value chain.


3.1 Perception and representation of stakeholders
3.2 PRPS theoretical basis
3.3 PRPS application
3.4 Meso-economic model
3.5 Value chain analysis

WP lead: Aarhus Universitet

The objective of WP4 is to, 1) establish a European network of Living Labs across 14 European landscapes for demonstration and evidence-based learning and for assessing both bottom-up and top-down pollinator restoration measures and 2) to accelerate a system-wide transformation towards pollinator-friendly agricultural landscapes in Europe by i) assessing existing policies at international level, ii) assessing the foundations of pollinator restoration measures at national/regional level, and iii) providing a roadmap for improving enabling conditions for pollinator restoration measures.


4.1 Guidelines for LL establishment and facilitation
4.2 Report on the promise and performance of policy designs for pollinator restauration measures
4.3 Report on enabling conditions for pollinator restauration measures
4.4 Horizon scanning of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for pollinator restaurations

WP lead: University of Cambridge

WP5 is focused on translating scientific knowledge into usable, accessible tools, to inform decisions that impact pollinators in a range of sectors. The objectives of WP5 are: 1) to synthesise evidence on the effectiveness of pollinator restoration measures, and make this evidence fully available and accessible, through summary and assessment, following the ‘Conservation Evidence’ approach, 2) to develop the ‘RestPoll toolbox’, through engagement with case-study stakeholders to understand how existing pollination restoration tools are being used or could be used in practice, 3) to enhance the visibility and accessibility of those restoration tools considered most useful, 4) to understand consumer motivations to buy or pay extra for pollinator-friendly products, and 5) to codesign a framework and metrics for a pollinator-friendly labelling scheme.


5.1 New Conservation Evidence Synopsis on pollinator conservation
5.2 Report on behavioural profiles of consumers
5.3 Pollinator labelling
5.4 Development of RestPoll toolbox

WP lead: HVR Group

The main objective of WP6 is to upscale and broaden pollinator conservation through effectively communicating the project results and engaging diverse actors in the uptake and future use of the results. This will involve (1) the overall communication and engagement of impact of RestPoll, (2) the dynamic website and overall branding of RestPoll, (3) social engagement through multiple tools and actions, and (4) training and networking events for stakeholders.


6.1 Communication and engagement strategy
6.2 Project website and branding
6.3 Final report on CED activities
6.4 Communication plan
6.5 Dissemination and exploitation plan 1
6.6 Dissemination and exploitation plan 2

WP lead: Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet Freiburg

WP7 will coordinate RestPoll together with RestPoll task leaders and the newly employed researcher for RestPoll administration matters using flows and online tools established at ALU for smooth communication with the pan-European consortium and beyond. The overarching goal is to produce a friendly working atmosphere, timely transdisciplinary results, not exceeding the overall budget, and to have scientific and societal impacts. To reach this goal, WP7 will 1) implement a project-specific coordination structure, 2) develop data management and participatory publication rules, and 3) develop and regularly update a project-specific gender, diversity, and equality plan.


7.1 Communication and management plan
7.2 Data management plan 1
7.3 Data management plan 2